Skip to Main Content

Cluster 48: Political Violence in the Modern World: Cases, and Consequences

Selected Web-based Resources & Organizations

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XXVI, Indonesia; Malaysia-Singapore; Philippines.

Human Rights

Human Rights

International Association of Genocide Scholars

International Criminal Court (ICC)

Netherlands Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (NIOD)

Prevent Genocide International

Relief Web -

United Nations

U.S. Declassified Documents Online. A database of some 70,000 declassified US government documents. -

USC Shoah Foundation, Center for Advanced Genocide Research (CAGR)

Watch Indonesia 



What Is a Primary Source?

A primary source is "first-hand" information, sources as close as possible to the origin of the information or idea under study. Primary sources are contrasted with secondary sources, works that provide analysis, commentary, or criticism on the primary source. In literary studies, primary sources are often creative works, including poems, stories, novels, and so on. In historical studies, primary sources include written works, recordings, or other source of information from people who were participants or direct witnesses to the events in question. Examples of commonly used primary sources include government documents, memoirs, personal correspondence, oral histories, and contemporary newspaper accounts.

Library Special Collections

UCLA Library Special Collections 

Held in the Young Research Library and the Biomedical Library, UCLA Library Special Collections collects materials in the following areas: Los Angeles History and Culture; History of Medicine and the Sciences; Global Histories and Cultures; Performing Arts (Music, Film and Television, Theater, Dance).

Other Library Special Collections

Many large public, university, and national libraries also share their digitized primary sources with the public. Try looking in the following digital library collections.