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Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences 13: Natural Disasters

How to Spot Fake News

Tools for Verifying News and Content

Verify, cross-check, and compare content you see online to avoid spreading "fake news."

Here are few basic tools to get you started:

Fact Checkers

Verify Webpage History

Verify Images

Found an image you think may have been manipulated or photo-shopped? Use these tools to check for any digital changes:


Want more tools? Check out the Verification Handbook's List of Tools 

Evaluating Information

When evaluating a resource for credibility and appropriateness consider these questions.
  • Who is the author(s)?
  • When was the source published? How current is the information?
  • Is the information directly applicable to the situation at hand?
  • If not, how close is it to the current situation?
  • What underlying assumptions have been made in the data?
  • Is there any reason to suspect bias of any sort in this data source?
  • How good is the evidence given by (or cited) in the source?
  • Is there any potential conflict of interest?
  • Is any significant data omitted?
  • Are there any other data sources which should be consulted?
  • Are there conflicting potential causes for the event?
  • Are there any fallacies in the reasoning?
  • What reasonable conclusions are possible?

Use the CRAAP test! The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need. For more, see full handout.

From top to bottom: currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, purpose