Citing Sources

Citation: A Very Brief Introduction

Start by watching this video...

 

When Should You Cite?

  • When you use the author’s exact words 
  • When you summarize someone else’s words 
  • When you read someone else's words and write it in your own words 
  • Anything which is not your OWN original thought 
  • Facts that are not common knowledge

When in doubt, CITE!

 

Why is Citing Important?

To add credibility and support for your ideas!

1. to ensure the accuracy of scientific and scholarly knowledge, and
2. to protect intellectual property rights.

 

References
Caravello, P. 
Avoiding plagiarism: Strategies & resources. Presentation.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (2001). 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: APA, p. 348.

How Can I Cite?

What?  Using the Author’s exact words

How?  Use “quotation marks” to mark someone else’s words

Why?

  • To support or add credibility to your arguments.
  • When the original is difficult to rephrase.
  • When original wording is great!
Source: Caravello, P. Avoiding plagiarism: Strategies & resources. Presentation.

What?  Condensed/distilled version of the author’s words or ideas

Why?

  • To include only main points of the original text

Tip: A summary is shorter than a paraphrase and covers main points only.

Source: Caravello, P. Avoiding plagiarism: Strategies & resources. Presentation.

What?

  • Restating, in your own words, the author’s words or ideas

Why?

  • To simplify or clarify the original text
  • To demonstrate comprehension of original source

~Paraphrasing Tips~

  • Rewrite it using your own words
  • Rewrite it using your own sentence structure
  • Quote distinctive words or phrases taken from the original source
  • Accurately represent the author
  • Always cite the source of your information
Source: Caravello, P. Avoiding plagiarism: Strategies & resources. Presentation.
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