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Animal Welfare and Alternative Models

Wynn Tranfield

Wynn Tranfield's picture
Wynn Tranfield
Contact:
Biomedical Library
12-077 Center for Health Sciences
310-825-4904

Access to Print Resources (as of 3/20/20)

 

As part of UCLA's transition to remote instruction, and the Library's necessary decision to close all Library locations, access to print resources and special collections is not available. Please take advantage of electronic resources such as ebooks and article databases. The UCLA community can connect to these online resources off-campus via the VPN or proxy server. Interlibrary loan is still available for electronic journal articles; however, ebooks cannot be borrowed on interlibrary loan. You can also temporarily access digitized print books via HathiTrust, although you cannot download or print these books--only do screenshots.

The library is also extending access to our print collection beyond what's available in HathiTrust through the Pilot Emergency Temporary Digititzation on Request Service (PETDOR). Please review the PETDOR FAQ for guidance on using this service. 

For help with any of our resources, please schedule an appointment with a librarian (audio/video Zoom appointments available), contact your subject librarian directly, or use our 24/7 chat service.    

    

Animal Alternative Models

This Animal Welfare and Alternative Models guide is designed to help campus researchers to comply with federal regulations by serving as a starting point for locating information and performing literature searches on any topic in the field of animal testing alternatives.

Working on an IACUC review? Librarians at the UCLA Biomedical Library can help you! The UCLA Biomedical Library offers an expert search service to research staff, graduate students and faculty in all departments. To initiate a consultation about your systematic review click through to our Biomedical Library Expert Search Services (BLESS) portal.

Our service offers guidance and collaboration in the following areas:

  • Choosing the best review methodology to fit your timeline, question, and discipline
  • Selecting search terms, databases, and expert search strategies
  • Developing and delivering finalized search strategies
  • Organizing search results using citation management (EndNote)
  • Writing the methodology section

Due to staffing levels, we are only able to work on a few systematic reviews or IACUC searches simultaneously.

Research assistance is available at the Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library. See Reference and Research Help for complete reference service options.

For further information about regulatory requirements and accreditation, please see the UCLA Office of Animal Research Oversight website.

Animal Welfare Act

The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law in 1966. It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable standard. The Act was amended six times (1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002, 2007) and is enforced by the USDA, APHIS, Animal Care agency. The 1985 admendement is the part of the act that most directly affects animal research.

(Adapted from the Animal Welfare Act hompage.)

Quick Links

The Three R's

The Three R's Principle, as established by Russel and Burch in The Principles of Human Experimental Technique, are general guidelines that are followed when considering using animals for experiments and research. They are aimed at removing the inhumanity when using animals in research. The Three R's are:

Reduction. Using as few animals as possible to obtain precise information.

Replacement. The substitution of lower level animals, e.g. invertebrates, for those conscious living higher animals, which will still give you the needed data.

Refinement. In cases where animals have to be used, any decrease in the incidence or severity of inhuman procedures to those animals.

(From Russell and Burch's The Principles of Human Experimental Technique.)

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

VPN & Proxy Tutorials

The Library's online subscription resources can always be accessed from computers and wireless networks on campus. However, off-campus access is restricted to current UCLA, students, faculty, and staff who have set up their computer using one of the methods below. Click on the other tabs to see how four Bruins got their computers set up and ready to go for remote access!

VPN on Mac with Natalie
"I chose VPN for my mac because I need to be able to access the full text of articles on different browsers." - Natalie, Environmental Science
Download a UCLA VPN
VPN on Windows with Michael
"I chose VPN because I like the security it provides and the control it gives me as a user to manually enable or disable it when I'm browsing online." - Michael, Public Affairs
Download a UCLA VPN
Proxy on Mac with Kate
"I chose Proxy because I prefer logging in through a web browser without having to download any software on my computer." - Kate, Ethnic Studies
Proxy Server
Proxy on Windows
Coming soon!