The National Institutes of Health (NIH) provides billions of dollars of funding to academic researchers across the US. UCLA alone is awarded nearly $500 million dollars of NIH funding per year, making it one of the largest research funders on campus. Importantly, funders and publishers have been developing policies in the last decade focused on improving access and transparency to publicly funded research. Compliance to these policies will ensure researchers can continue to receive NIH support. This guide serves to highlight important and relevant policies relevant to NIH supported researchers. It will provide resources on how to comply to these policies and point to best practices in research publishing and reproducibility.
Do you have questions about complying with the NIH Public Access or Data Sharing Policies? Email the Library!
Beginning Jan 2023, NIH grant recipients will be expected to comply to a new Data Management and Sharing policy. Sharing scientific data accelerates biomedical research discovery, enhances research rigor and reproducibility, provides accessibility to high-value datasets, and promotes data reuse for future research studies.
Key points for the NIH Data Management and Sharing Policy:
The NIH Public Access Policy ensures that published results supported by NIH research are available to the general public. It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication. The Policy requires that these papers are accessible to the public on PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication.
In 2017, the NIH released further guidance indicating the preprints and other interim research products may be cited in NIH grants in order to speed the science communication and reduce paywall barriers to important research. Preprints are complete and public drafts of scientific documents, not yet certified by peer review. There are other citable research products included in this policy, a list of examples is included below.
The Genomic Data Sharing Policy — NIH expects the broad and responsible sharing of human as well as non-human genomic data resulting from NIH-funded research because the timely sharing of research results can accelerate discoveries that improve our ability to diagnose, treat, and prevent disease.
To comply with the genomic data sharing policy, NIH expects that investigators and institutions:
All NIH-funded clinical trials are expected to register and submit results information to Clinicaltrials.gov, as per the "NIH Policy on Dissemination of NIH-Funded Clinical Trial Information" for competing applications and contract proposals.
The following videos contain information about the Policy and how to comply.