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Scientific Writing

Style Guides

Citation Assumptions

These assumptions are inherent in citation metrics and are often assumed about citation practices:

  • A citation implies the use of the cited paper in someway for the present paper
  • We assume that citations are made to the best work pertaining to the present topic
  • There is a content-based relationship between the cited paper and the citing paper (a network of sorts)
  • All citations are equivalent and the use of cited material is balanced
  • We presume that citation of a work means that the work has been read

These assumptions are not always true when looking at the text of an article. Example: an article might rely considerably on a single source and only tangentially reference another, but we assume from the bibliography that they have been used equivalently. 

Avoiding Plagiarism

Citation Resources