Consult your Style guide for information about caption formats.
See Image Resources: Captions, Citations, Examples, for guidance on the distinction between captions and citations, examples with unusual or unknown elements, and links to additional resources.
Also see the Reed College Image Workstation Help, which provides the following guidance (and more:)
MLA Handbook - Captions
- Images should be labeled Figure (usually abbreviated Fig.), assigned an Arabic numeral, and given a caption.
- The caption should appear directly below the image.
- Image captions should always include the image creator's first name, last name (if available), title, work date, and the source of the image.
- For a more descriptive caption, it is acceptable to include a description of materials, measurements, the institution or individual who owns the work, and the location of the institution.
- Note whether the image came from a print, electronic, or other source and cite appropriately.
Print Source Caption Example
Fig. 4. Frank Duveneck, Portrait of Maggie Wilson, Oil on board, 38.10 x 30.48 cm, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas; Unsuspected Genius: the Art and Life of Frank Duveneck, by Robert Neuhaus (San Francisco: Bedford Press, 1987) 227.
Electronic Source Caption Example
Fig. 9. Amasis Painter, Lekythos; Women Weaving, 17.15 cm height, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Accessed Jan. 12, 2007 from the Reed College CONTENTdm database <http://cdm.reed.edu/u?/vrcwork,38536>.
Other Source Caption Example
Fig. 13. Columbia River at Dawn. Personal photograph by author. 13 March 2008.