The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 provides the federal administrative requirements for grants and agreements with institutions of higher education, hospitals and other non-profit organizations. In 1999 Circular A-110 was revised to provide public access under some circumstances to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
Funding agencies have implemented the OMB requirement in various ways. The table below summarizes the data management and sharing requirements of primary US federal funding agencies.
|US Federal Funding Agency||Policy and Guideline Status||More Information|
|National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)||Beginning in January 2012, the NEH Office of Digital Humanities will offer Digital Humanities Implement Grants (DHIG). DHIG applicants will be required to submit a data management plan and a sustainability plan.|
|National Science Foundation (NSF)||“Investigators are expected to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing.”
“Proposals submitted to NSF must include a supplementary document of no more than two pages labeled ‘Data Management Plan.’ This supplementary document should describe how the proposal will conform to NSF policy on the dissemination and sharing of research results.”
|Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)||“IMLS encourages sharing of research data.”|